Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
Stat'ya posvyaschena voprosam formirovaniya klasterov v prigranichnyh regionah Rossii. Aktual'nost' problem sozdaniya regional'nyh klasterov v strane opredelyaetsya slozhnost'yu slozhivsheysya v poslednie gody ekonomicheskoy situacii, svyazannoy s sankciyami, vvedennymi v otnoshenii RF, i slabym razvitiem importozamescheniya. Fenomen klastera stal rassmatrivat'sya kak vazhnyy faktor ekonomicheskogo razvitiya nekotoroy territorii tol'ko vo vtoroy polovine XX veka, hotya promyshlennye klastery kak vzaimosvyazannaya ekonomicheskaya deyatel'nost' predpriyatiy izvestny esche so vremen remeslennichestva. V bolee rannih rabotah na temu klasterov konkretno ne upominalos', chto podrazumevaet termin «prigranichnyy klaster». Osnovyvayas' na klassicheskom opredelenii klastera Maykla Portera, avtorami predlozheno sobstvennoe opredelenie prigranichnogo klastera. Opredeleny vozmozhnosti, usloviya i algoritm sozdaniya klasterov v regione. Proveden SWOT-analiz, pozvolivshiy vyyavit' usloviya i vozmozhnosti formirovaniya prigranichnyh klasterov s privlecheniem predpriyatiy Rossii i prigranichnyh gosudarstv. Klastery mozhno rassmatrivat' kak odnu iz form mezhdunarodnogo sotrudnichestva. Avtory obraschayut vnimanie na to, chto formirovanie prigranichnyh klasterov sposobstvuet usileniyu rossiysko-evropeyskogo ekonomicheskogo sotrudnichestva. V rabote opredeleny napravleniya uchastiya prigranichnyh territoriy Leningradskoy oblasti s sosednimi gosudarstvami. Na osnove analiza usloviy i vozmozhnostey formirovaniya i razvitiya prigranichnyh klasterov v Leningradskoy oblasti, social'no-ekonomicheskih otnosheniy s prigranichnymi gosudarstvami, avtorami predlozheny napravleniya formirovaniya perspektivnyh prigranichnyh klasterov: gostepriimstva, himicheskoy, derevoobrabatyvayuschey i metalloobrabatyvayuschey promyshlennosti.

Keywords:
klaster, prigranichnyy klaster, region, forsayt
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References

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